Written on September 17, 2016
Disenchanted with the traditional big bands, Gillespie experimented with new sounds. He eventually recorded “Hot Mallets” with vibrophonist Lionel Hampton’s band in 1940 – a good example of “bebop” music. In that same year he met Charlie Parker and they became collaborators in developing the bebop sound until the 1950s.
Dizzy’s trumpet was accidently damaged in 1953 – with the bell bent upwards at an angle. Ironically, he found the new angle better for picking the notes. Thus the bent trumpet became Gillespie’s trademark.
Highly respected, not just among jazz musicians, he received a special Presidential assignment in 1956 to make goodwill tours of South America and Africa as a “jazz ambassador”. And, for the next 35 years, Dizzy led many goodwill bands around the world, playing the jazz trumpet. He was also confirmed in his reputation as one of jazz’s finest composers. “Salt Peanuts”, “Hot House”, and “A Night in Tunisia” are all Dizzy originals.
4 MILES DAVIS (1926-1991)
Miles Davis, jazz superstar, was a master of the jazz trumpet. Extremely versatile and imaginative, he was probably the greatest bandleader in jazz. Miles was responsible for the greatest jazz record ever: “Kind of Blue”.
Miles was born in 1926 into a comfortable home, unlike many of his jazz peers’ lives of poverty.In the early 1950s, addiction to heroin caused Miles’ career to stall for long periods. But, back in 1956, he formed small bands that included the likes of John Coltrane and Charles Mingus.
During the 1980s, Miles regularly participated in jazz festivals at Montreux, Switzerland. In 1981, after a lay-off, he made some important recordings. He then continued to tour and record only when he felt like it – for he was assured of his legendary status.
5 FREDDY HUBBARD (born 1938)
Born in 1938 in Indianapolis, Freddie learned the trumpet in high school. He was also part of a local group, the Jazz Contemporaries.
In 1958 he moved to New York. There he played with such greats as Eric Dolphy, Sonny Rollins, Slide Hampton and JJ Johnson.
Freddie then found fame by joining Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers in 1961. The ensuing years saw him recording with John Coltrane, Ornette Coleman, Herbie Hancock and Max Roach. He also toured Europe with Quincy Jones.
In the 1980s his recordings showed his former glory, which soon again faded, dragged down by “personal problems”. Finally in 1993 he damaged his lip and did not recover his playing skills on the jazz trumpet.
BEBOP (Bop, Rebop) was a re-invention of jazz.This revolution was brought on by the artistic and social forces of the mid-1940s post-World War II period. Young jazzmen strained to be freed from the restrtictions of the big bands. Costs also necessitated a return to smaller bands. Hence there was a lot of exploration.
In 1945, after much experimentation, Charlie Parker (saxphone player) and Dizzy Gillespie (trumpet) recorded a new music that was launched as the bebop style. That changed the course of jazz music history.
Wild, fast and free, bebop broke through the restrictions of the big bands. It conveys many emotions – sadness, humour and joy. Reflecting the bustle and noise of busy New York City, this new style produced a fresh crop of gifted jazz players.
OFF-SHOOTS OF BOP – During the 1950s, new variants of jazz were developed that incorporated certain features of bebop and other elements different from it. Hence there arose two off-shoots – cool jazz and hard bop.
COOL JAZZ emerged in California in the West Coast. Gentle and melodic, it was played primarily by white jazzers. It had features of both bebop and big band swing music . One key player was Miles Davis.
HARD BOP, however, surfaced in New York City. Played mainly by black musicians, it was bluesy and hard-driving . Art Blakey was one key player.
Over time, cross-fertilisation took place between the two variants while, elsewhere, furher experimentation with new sounds continued.
OTHER JAZZ FORMS (1960s to 1990s)
During the 1950s, the dominant forms were cool jazz and hard bop. But some players explored freer forms for more space to improvise and further ways to express their feelings in music. The resultant styles were avant garde and free jazz – emerging in the 1960s and flowing into the 1970s and 1980s. Chicago and New York were the centres for the new music.
AVANT GARDE is experimental and elaborately composed in advance, although it may sound chaotic at times . Noted players include Anthony Braxton and Paul Bley.
FUSION JAZZ is the other musical stream of the 1960s, the first stream being avant garde and free jazz. This fusion form is jazz blended with rock, funk and other musical styles. Miles Davis was the leading figure at this juncture in jazz history. He had played bebop and cool jazz in the 1940s and 1950s. Now in the 1960s, he introduced electric instruments in fusion jazz to produce the throbbing sounds of this exciting new music.
LATIN JAZZ MUSIC
This is American jazz spiced up with the pulsating rhythms and sounds of Cuba, the Caribbean, Puerto Rico and South America.
THE CURRENT JAZZ SCENE
Jazz history is over 100 years, and there is a gigantic legacy of great music and famous players. But room still exists for musical creativity and new sounds because jazz, unlike classical music, is largely based on improvisation.
ACID JAZZ is prominant as a fresh music. It combines jazz with soul, funk and hip-hop to give a groovy, danceable beat. It was first recorded in London in the 1970s.
NEO-TRADITIONAL JAZZ was played by a group of young jazzers in the 1980s. Known as the Young Lions, they continued developing the traditional acoustic styles whilst other musicians searched for new sounds. Wynton Marsilis (trumpet) was the leader of this group that included his brother Branford (saxophone) and Joshua Redman (saxophone). Heading the New York Lincoln Center, Marsalis is very influential in the modern jazz scene – and is truly jazz history in-the-making.
CONTEMPORARY JAZZ or SMOOTH JAZZ has been described as light instrumental pop music, not true jazz. It has its roots in the fusion jazz of the 1970s. Players include Grover Washington Jr and Kenny G. But, while not being genuine jazz, this music may perhaps entice and lead jazz fans to the real thing!
But then, what really is the real thing? We have to move back to the beginning and ask ………
Born in Virginia, Ella was raised in a New York orphanage. Fortunately, at age 16, she was talent-spotted at a singing contest, and she joined Chick Webb’s band in 1935.
During the mid-1950s and 1960s, with Norman Granz as her manager, Ella recorded her “songbooks” of some 250 songs, written by such renowned songwriters as Cole Porter, Duke Ellington, Irving Berlin and more.
Ella also appeared on TV and in films, and in concerts world-wide – playing her rightful role at the top of female jazz singers.
In the 1970s, she suffered health problems but continued to perform until 1993, when diabetes claimed both her legs.
Innumerable honours were bestowed on Ella Fitzgerald. She garnered 12 Grammy Awards, received the Kenndy Center Honours (1979) and a National Medal of Arts (1987).
3 SARAH VAUGHAN (1924-1990)
Born in New Jersey, Sarah studied piano and organ at age seven, and sang in the church choir.
In the 1940s, Vaughan joined the bands of Earle Hines and Billy Eckstine. And in 1945, she recorded the famous song, “Lover Man”, with the bebop inventors, Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker.
In the mid-1940s, Vaughan appeared on TV variety shows. In addition, she made three movies in the 1950s and 1960s – underscoring her pre-eminence among female jazz singers.
By the 1950s, Sarah became an international star and her song, “Broken-Hearted Melody”, sold over one million copies. She then embarked on world tours in the 1970s and 1980s.
4 HELEN FORREST (1918-1999)
Helen Forrest, aka The Blue Lady, was a popular big band era jazz singer. She was noted for her ability to project lyrics and her excellent interpretation. Her smooth and swinging voice was soft and warm.
Helen was born in Atlantic City. As a young girl, she sang in New York radio stations and then in her brother’s Washington band. She later became the lead singer in Artie Shaw’s band in 1938, replacing Billie Holiday. She also graced the bands of Harry James, Benny Goodman and others in later years.
5 ANITA O’DAY (born 1913)
An international star, Anita O’Day is a living legend among female jazz singers. Her long career, begun in the 1930s, continues today. In fact, her latest album is to be released in 2006.
Anita was born in Chicago, Illinois. In the late 1930s, she left her broken home to dance and sing. Talent-spotted by drummer Gene Krupa in 1941, she sang in his band and achieved notable success. She was one of top five big band singers in 1942.
In the late 1940s, she went solo. She sang very sucessfully with John Pool, her favourite drummer – for 32 years.
Her 1955 album, “This is Anita O’Day”, greatly boosted her career. She went on to record several other albums in the 1950s to 1970s.
Anita also performed with many famous musicians, including Louis Armstrong, Dinah Washington, Thelonious Monk and George Shearing. And, more importantly, the 1958 documentary, “Jazz on a Summer’s Day”, made her an international star – one of the top female jazz singers.
In the 1960s, her heroin addiction brought her low. After a long break, Anita resumed her performance, and published her autobiography “High Times, Hard Times” in 1981.
Anita lives in California. Her new album to be issued in 2006 is “Indestructible Anita O’Day”.
6 DINAH WASHINGTON (1924-1963)
Dinah Washington was a singer of many parts. Extremely gifted and versatile, she had a highly-pitched and crystal-clear voice. But jazz was only one of the several genres she performed with great distinction.
She was born in Alabama as Ruth Jones. When very young, she moved with her pianist mother to Chicago where, later, she played the piano and sang spirituals. She then switched to secular songs, including jazz.
In 1943, Lionel Hampton spotted and recruited her to sing in his band. Three years later, Dinah left to solo on her own.
Soon, in 1946, her solo performance marked her as a rising star among female jazz singers. In the 1950s, Dinah interacted very heavily with many jazz musicians. These included Cliff Brown (trumpet), Max Roach (drums), Quincy Jones (arranger), Wynton Kelly (piano) and Eddie Chamblee (saxophone), who became her husband.
Written on September 19, 2016
Jazz is believed to perfectly combine the classical style with the modern improvising techniques. It has been spread all over the world in a relatively short time and has won many admirers through its relaxing rhythm and harmonious notes. Many talented singers have tried to sing it but only those who were also creative managed to be successful at a global level.
Why we love jazz
We all love the music of the first jazz artists which is closer to the classical style but still not missing the rebellious elements. We all remember Charles Mingus, John Coltrane or Nat King Cole and these are just a few examples. What all these artists and others of the 20s had in common was that they all started in small night clubs, where they were remarked by some well-educated and influential gentlemen that used to attend these places in the company of a gorgeous Los Angeles escort.
Time has not changed too much if we think about your Los Angeles companion. This beautiful lady still loves to spend some quality time with you at a jazz festival where you could both enjoy the complex songs. Los Angeles escorts are beautiful and elegant ladies who are usually in men’s company and have active hobbies, like scuba diving, motor racing or dance contests. They would always turn your vacation in a unique experience through their adventurous lifestyle and the nights spent in the most exotic clubs.
Meet the best jazz artists
Along the history, jazz had an important contribution for the segregation process. If at its beginnings, this style was performed only by men of color; later white people have started to discover it and to sing it, in spite of all the race discrimination of those times. Moreover, today this style is performed in all the corners of the world and it is still attracting numerous fans. You can attend the Monterey Jazz festival with your Los Angeles escorts, where you can admire the outstanding performance of artists like Bria Skonberg, Troker, Ravi Coltrane, Nicholas Payton or Gregory Hutchinson.
Although the jazz history is not very old, a great inheritance remains for us to enjoy and for the modern artist to use as a base for their improvising techniques. Your Los Angeles escort you found on http://www.escortdirectory.com/escorts-los-angeles-ca-62/ is usually impressed by the artists that manage to create a modern version of an old song. Today there are many places especially created for people passionate about this music, for instance Vibrato Grill Jazz, Catalina Bar & Grill or Blue Whale. Here you can listen different versions but all of them of a high quality that will not allow anyone to get bored. To this personal way of performing, artists are adding valuable improvisation elements through which they attract the audience.
To conclude, jazz has given us many artists that will remain in our hearts through their wonderful skills and rebellious attitude that made possible the quick development of this style. We will always relax on the old songs that are still attracting us as well as when hearing the new tones of the modern artists.